The history of jousting
Jousting is given the 21st Century roar of approval at the Arizona Renaissance Festival (ARF).
On winter weekends in the Arizona desert, Knights will again strap on the heavy suits of armor, settle astride snorting chargers, take up their lances and tilt with each other.
These Knights (actually stunt riders and actors) are regular performers at more than a dozen "Renaissance Villages" around the country and will be battling at the Arizona Renaissance Festival.
They perform on a tournament field within the Festival park in the foothills of the Superstition Mountains just east of Apache Junction, Arizona.
Jousting now, as 400 years ago, is a merrie sport; a make-believe pageant of Sir Galahads and Sir Lancelots, of villainous Black Knights versus the virtuous Red Knights, mounted on thundering steeds, plumes waving, chain mail clanking and the festival crowd sarcastically screaming "Cheat to win!!"
Words like "pomp, pageantry and chivalry" serve to evoke the romantic aspects of jousting. When you get close to see the dull glow of chain mail next to bright armor, you begin to grasp how tightly woven the joust is with its history. An understanding of today's combats is impossible without the tracing of their ancient roots.
(Photo) Two tons of horse, knight and armor gallop onto the field prepared to do battle with ten-foot lances for a lady's honor at the Arizona Renaissance Festival.
The origins of jousting are believed to be in classical Rome, but the "sport" rose to its greatest popularity in Europe by the 1400's. It all evolved from mock battles in which knights on horseback, assisted by foot soldiers, formed into teams and charged at each other in some wide meadow.
The result was a "melee" (the word hasn't
changed in a millennium) of shattered lances, clanging
swords, flailing arms and legs - astride and afoot - that
went on all day and into the night. The earliest recorded
melee was in 1066 A.D., though mock combat had probably been
around for at least a century by then.
The training of a knight included spearing a small ring, some on stanchions and some tossed in the air, and quintain jousting. (Ring jousting is today the state sport in Maryland.)
In quintain jousting, the knight tilted with a mock opponent which sat on a revolving pedestal. If he was inaccurate or too slow, the jouster might get whacked by the sand bag on the other end of the contraption.
These quintain devices are thought to be
the precursors of Victorian carrousels. Many
turn-of-the-century carrousels had a variety of things to
grab, including a brass ring which entitled the bearer to a
Jousting historical ban
England's King Edward lll put a temporary public ban on jousting in 1370 but an intrepid troupe of stunt riders and actors brought it back in the 1980's. Clad in authentic looking breastplates and helmets, wielding heavy lances, maces and blunted swords, they will thrill the throngs at the Arizona Renaissance Festival.
fakery, as in professional wrestling, is to be expected.
Victor and vanquished are usually agreed to beforehand. As
in many Medieval tournaments, even the exact number of blows
is often settled.
Photos and text courtesy of the Arizona Renaissance Festival
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