Film: "The Dark Knight"

The Filmmakers

CHRISTOPHER NOLAN (Director/Screenwriter/Producer) is an award-winning filmmaker who has been recognized for his work as a director and screenwriter.

Nolan began making movies at an early age with his father's Super-8mm camera. While studying English Literature at University College London, Nolan shot 16mm films at UCL's film society, learning the guerrilla film techniques he would later use to make his first feature, "Following." The "no-budget" noir thriller enjoyed great success at a number of international film festivals, including Toronto, Rotterdam, Slamdance, and Hong Kong, prior to being released theatrically in the U.S., U.K., France and various other territories.

Nolan's second film was the low-budget independent feature "Memento," starring Guy Pearce, Carrie-Ann Moss and Joe Pantoliano, which Nolan directed from his own screenplay, based on a short story by his brother Jonathan. The film brought Nolan numerous honors, including Academy Award and Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Original Screenplay, two Independent Spirit Awards for Best Director and Best Screenplay, and a Directors Guild of America Award nomination. In addition, he won Best Screenplay Awards from several critics groups, including the Los Angeles, London, Chicago and Broadcast Film Critics Associations, as well as the American Film Institute's Screenwriter of the Year Award, and the Waldo Salt Screenwriting Award at the 2001 Sundance Film Festival.

Nolan followed "Memento" with the critically acclaimed psychological thriller "Insomnia," starring Academy Award winners Al Pacino, Robin Williams and Hilary Swank. For that film, Nolan won the London Critics Circle Award for Best Director of the Year.

In 2005, Nolan co-wrote and directed "Batman Begins," starring Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Liam Neeson, Gary Oldman and Morgan Freeman. The blockbuster reimagined the Batman film franchise, pleasing critics and fans alike and paving the way for "The Dark Knight."

Nolan more recently directed, co-wrote and produced the mystery thriller "The Prestige," starring Hugh Jackman, Christian Bale, Scarlett Johansson and Michael Caine. Empire Magazine named Nolan the Best Director of the Year for the film, which also received Oscar nominations for its extraordinary art direction and cinematography.

Nolan currently lives in Los Angeles with his wife, producer Emma Thomas, and their children.

CHARLES ROVEN (Producer) has enjoyed success as a distinguished producer of both independent and major motion pictures in a career spanning more than two decades. He is co-founder of Atlas Entertainment, which for the last 10 years was part of Mosaic Media Group, an integrated multimedia film, television and management company, in which he was a founding principal.

"The Dark Knight" reunites Roven with the team from the acclaimed blockbuster "Batman Begins," which he produced in 2005. Directed by Christopher Nolan and starring Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Liam Neeson, Morgan Freeman and Gary Oldman, "Batman Begins" was number one at the box office for two consecutive weeks on its way to grossing more than $370 million worldwide.

In addition to "The Dark Knight," Roven produced the recently released action comedy "Get Smart," directed by Peter Segal and teaming Steve Carell and Anne Hathaway as Maxwell Smart and Agent 99. The film opened at #1 at the U.S. box office. He is also a producer on the dramatic thriller "The International," set for release in early 2009, with Clive Owen and Naomi Watts starring under the direction of Tom Tykwer.

Earlier this year, Roven produced the critically acclaimed crime thriller "The Bank Job," directed by Roger Donaldson and starring Jason Statham and Saffron Burrows, which opened at the top of the UK box office. His recent film credits also include the musical "Idlewild," starring Outkast's Andre Benjamin (Andre 3000) and Antwan Patton (Big Boi); and "The Brothers Grimm," directed by Terry Gilliam and starring Matt Damon and Heath Ledger.

Roven previously served as a producer on a broad range of films, including the $275-million-plus worldwide box office smash "Scooby-Doo," followed by the sequel "Scooby-Doo 2: Monsters Unleashed"; the highly acclaimed post-Gulf War tale "Three Kings"; the widely praised romantic fantasy hit "City of Angels," which earned $200 million at the worldwide box office; and Terry Gilliam's "Twelve Monkeys," starring Bruce Willis and Brad Pitt in his Oscar-nominated and Golden Globe winning role.

Roven began his career as a talent manager, subsequently bringing an attuned sensibility for working with artists to the realm of production.

In 2008, Roven was honored with the ShoWest Producer of the Year Award for his contributions to the film industry.

EMMA THOMAS (Producer) is the producer behind such thought-provoking indie hits as "Following" and "Memento," as well as several major motion picture releases, including the blockbuster "Batman Begins."

Most recently, Thomas produced the critically acclaimed drama "The Prestige," directed by Christopher Nolan. Hugh Jackman, Christian Bale, Scarlett Johansson and Michael Caine starred in the story about an intense rivalry between two magicians who become obsessed with outdoing one another, leading to self-destruction and murder. The film earned two Oscar nominations for art direction and cinematography.

Thomas and writer/director Christopher Nolan are currently developing "The Prisoner," based on the BBC show of the 1960s, and "The Exec," both under the banner of their company, Syncopy.

Thomas studied at the prestigious University College London before beginning her career at Working Title Films in London, where she worked in physical production for five years. While at Working Title, she gained a solid foundation in film production, which would serve her well as she segued into producing.

The independent feature "Following" was the turning point for her career, marking her first film as a producer. Shot on weekends over the course of a year, "Following" was guerrilla filmmaking at its best. The film, which was shot on a shoestring budget, went on to gain recognition at film festivals around the world and received international distribution.

Thomas next served as an associate producer on the internationally acclaimed independent hit "Memento." The film went on to win a number of awards, including an Independent Spirit Award, a British Independent Film Award, and several critics groups' awards for Best Film. Continuing her success, Thomas co-produced her first major studio release, the hit thriller "Insomnia," starring Al Pacino, Robin Williams and Hilary Swank.

In 2005, Thomas produced "Batman Begins," starring Christian Bale, Michael Caine, Liam Neeson, Gary Oldman and Morgan Freeman, under the direction of Christopher Nolan. The film earned praise from both critics and audiences for its bold reimagining of the Batman film franchise, setting the stage for "The Dark Knight."

JONATHAN NOLAN (Screenwriter) is currently writing the screenplay for "Interstellar," a science fiction space adventure to be directed by Steven Spielberg.

Nolan was born in London and grew up in the Chicago area. His film career began when he wrote the intriguing short story "Memento Mori," which became the basis for the acclaimed noir drama "Memento," starring Guy Pearce. Directed by his brother, Christopher Nolan, who also adapted the screenplay, "Memento" brought Jonathan an Academy Award nomination for Best Original Screenplay, as well as the Waldo Salt Screenwriting Award at the 2001 Sundance Film Festival, both shared with Christopher.

He more recently co-wrote the screenplay for the mystery thriller "The Prestige," about a bitter rivalry between two magicians with tragic consequences. Hugh Jackman, Christian Bale and Scarlett Johansson starred in the drama, under the direction of Christopher Nolan.

DAVID S. GOYER (Story) previously teamed with Christopher Nolan on the screenplay for "Batman Begins," which won a Saturn Award from the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror. Goyer has earned a stellar reputation for telling character-driven stories adapted from the otherworldly realms of superheroes, fantasy and the supernatural for the big screen. He is currently working on the supernatural thriller "The Unborn," starring Gary Oldman and Odette Yustman, which he is directing from his own screenplay.

Goyer's breakout came in 1998 when he wrote the action hit "Blade," starring Wesley Snipes, based on the Marvel Comics vampire hunter who is, himself, half-vampire. He then wrote 2002's "Blade II," on which he also served as an executive producer. He directed, wrote and produced the last of the trilogy, "Blade: Trinity." Goyer was also an executive producer on "Blade: The Series" for Spike TV, the network's first original scripted series.

In 2002, Goyer made a departure from action genre films with his directorial debut, "ZigZag," a poignant comedy featuring Wesley Snipes, John Leguizamo, Oliver Platt, Natasha Lyonne and Sam Jones III. In addition to "ZigZag" and "Blade: Trinity," Goyer directed last year's supernatural thriller "The Invisible," starring Justin Chatwin and Margarita Levieva.

Growing up in Ann Arbor, Michigan, Goyer wanted to write comic books from an early age, which eventually led to his bringing them to life for the big screen. He sold his first action script at the age of 22 while still at USC, which became the Jean Claude Van Damme thriller "Death Warrant." Among his other early credits, he penned the screenplay for the critically acclaimed film "Dark City."

Goyer's love of comic books also led to a four-year stint actually writing one for DC Comics. He is a co-writer of The Justice Society, which was one of DC's biggest hits.

BENJAMIN MELNIKER (Executive Producer) has had a longstanding relationship with DC Comics. Together with his producing partner, Michael E. Uslan, he has been a part of all of the Batman film and direct-to-DVD projects, most recently serving as an executive producer on Christopher Nolan's "Batman Begins." Earlier, he was an executive producer on the Tim Burton-directed movies "Batman," starring Michael Keaton and Jack Nicholson, and "Batman Returns," starring Keaton, Michelle Pfieffer and Danny DeVito, followed by Joel Schumacher's "Batman Forever," starring Val Kilmer, Jim Carrey and Tommy Lee Jones, and "Batman & Robin," starring George Clooney and Arnold Schwarzenegger. He also produced the animated "Batman: Mask of Phantasm" and the Annie Award-winning "Batman Beyond: Return of The Joker."

In addition, Melniker was a producer on Francis Lawrence's thriller "Constantine," based on the DC Comics/Vertigo Hellblazer graphic novels and starring Keanu Reeves. He was also an executive producer on "Catwoman" and an associate producer on "National Treasure."

Currently, Melniker is executive producing the action thriller "The Spirit," based on the comic book by Will Eisner. Directed by Frank Miller and starring Samuel L. Jackson, Scarlett Johansson and Eva Mendes, the film is due out this holiday season.

Melniker began his film career at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and worked with the esteemed studio for 30 years: he was Executive Vice President of the company, a member of its Board of Directors and its Executive Committee, and Chairman of its Film Selection Committee. During his tenure at MGM, he was also involved with some of the most memorable films ever made, including "Ben-Hur," starring Charlton Heston; David Lean's "Dr. Zhivago"; Stanley Kubrick's "2001: A Space Odyssey"; and the musical "Gigi," directed by Vincente Minnelli.

In 1975, Melniker executive produced his first film, the action drama "Mitchell," followed by the 1976 thriller "Shoot," starring Cliff Robertson and Ernest Borgnine.

Melniker has also achieved success in the world of television, with credits including the children's series "Where on Earth is Carmen Sandiego?," for which he won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Animated Children's Program; "Harmful Intent," based on the book by Robin Cook; the series "Fish Police," "Swamp Thing" and "Dinosaucers"; and the acclaimed PBS miniseries "Three Sovereigns for Sister Sarah," based on the true story of the Salem Witch Trials.

MICHAEL E. USLAN (Executive Producer) has enjoyed a long association with DC Comics. Together with his longtime producing partner, Benjamin Melniker, Uslan has been involved in all of the films in the Batman franchise, as well as other film and direct-to-DVD projects based on DC Comics titles.

He was recently an executive producer on Christopher Nolan's hit "Batman Begins" and produced the thriller "Constantine," starring Keanu Reeves under the direction of Francis Lawrence. Prior to that, he served as an executive producer on Tim Burton's "Batman" and "Batman Returns," starring Michael Keaton, followed by "Batman Forever" and "Batman & Robin," both directed by Joel Schumacher. His other credits as an executive producer include "Catwoman," and the animated titles "Gotham Knight," "Batman: Sub-Zero," "Batman: Mystery of The Batwoman," "Batman v. Dracula," "Batman: Mask of The Phantasm," and "Batman Beyond: Return of The Joker," for which he won an Annie Award. Additionally, he was an associate producer on the blockbuster "National Treasure."

Uslan is currently producing the upcoming action thriller "The Spirit," based on the comic book by Will Eisner. Due out this holiday season, the film is directed by Frank Miller and stars Samuel L. Jackson, Scarlett Johansson and Eva Mendes.

Also a successful television producer, Uslan won an Emmy Award for the popular children's series "Where on Earth is Carmen Sandiego?" which he executive produced. His additional television producing work includes "Harmful Intent," based on Robin Cook's novel, and the acclaimed PBS miniseries "Three Sovereigns for Sarah," based on the true story of the Salem Witch Trials.

Uslan grew up on comics and actually learned to read from them. He went on to become a renowned authority on comic book history and, at Indiana University, taught the world's first accredited college course on comic books, also writing the accompanying textbook The Comic Book in America. It was not long before he received a job offer from DC Comics, where he fulfilled his dream to write Batman comic books.

Uslan has since written for a number of comic titles, as well as dozens of books that chronicle the history of comics, including America At War - A History of War Comics, Mysteries in Space - A History of Science Fiction Comics, and The Pow! Zap! Wham! Comic Book Trivia Quiz Book. His additional writing credits include the internationally syndicated newspaper comic strip Terry and the Pirates; the historic comic book project with Stan Lee, Just Imagine; the hardback Batman graphic novel, Detective #27; Will Eisner's The Spirit; and Dick Clark's The First 25 Years of Rock and Roll.

KEVIN DE LA NOY (Executive Producer) was most recently an executive producer on "Blood Diamond," starring Leonardo DiCaprio, Jennifer Connelly and Djimon Hounsou, under the direction of Edward Zwick. He had earlier collaborated with Zwick as the unit production manager on "The Last Samurai."

His producing credits also include Richard Donner's sci-fi thriller "Timeline," which he co-produced, and Steven Spielberg's award-winning World War II drama "Saving Private Ryan," on which he served as the associate producer.

In addition, he has been the unit production manager on such hits as "Ali," "Titanic," "Braveheart," "Mission: Impossible" and "Mission: Impossible II." His film work also includes serving as the production supervisor on "The Power of One" and as the location manager on such films as "The Ghost and the Darkness," "Black Beauty," "The Secret Garden" and "1492: Conquest of Paradise." He has also worked as an assistant director on a wide range of features.

THOMAS TULL (Executive Producer) is the founder, Chairman and CEO of Legendary Pictures, a private equity-backed film production company with more than $1.5 billion in total financing. Legendary Pictures recently re-upped its five-year deal through which it will co-produce and co-finance films with Warner Bros. Pictures. Since its inception in 2005, Legendary has joined with Warner Bros. to make such successful films as "Batman Begins," "Superman Returns" and the blockbuster "300." Their impending projects include "Watchmen," directed by Zack Snyder.

Tull engineered the unique private equity-backed structure of Legendary and was presented IDD Magazine's prestigious "Deal of the Year" Award for the entertainment industry in 2005.

Tull is also a co-founder and Vice Chairman of the video game publisher Brash Entertainment, for which he secured the financing by arranging a $400 million investment. To date, the company has secured intellectual properties with five major studios and has a current collection of over 40 licenses, including several original properties.

Previously, Tull was President and served on the Board of Directors of The Convex Group, a media and entertainment holding company headquartered in Atlanta. In addition, he served on the Board of Directors of How Stuff Works, a company the Convex Group acquired during his term, which was later sold to Discovery Networks. Prior to Convex, Tull was a principal at the Southeast Interactive Technology Funds.

Tull is a member of the Board of Trustees of the American Film Institute (AFI). He is also a board member of the San Diego Zoo and serves on their Foundation Board for the Zoological Society of San Diego. He graduated from Hamilton College in 1992.

WALLY PFISTER (Director of Photography) has earned two consecutive Academy Award nominations for his work with director Christopher Nolan. The first came for 2005's "Batman Begins," for which he was also honored by his peers with an American Society of Cinematographers Award nomination. The following year, he was Oscar-nominated for his cinematography work on "The Prestige." Pfister had earlier received an Independent Spirit Award for his work on Nolan's "Memento," which marked their first collaboration. He also served as director of photography on Nolan's thriller "Insomnia."

Pfister's additional film credits include "The Italian Job," directed by F. Gary Gray, and the independent features "Slow Burn," "Laurel Canyon," "Scotland, PA," and "The Hi-Line," for which he won the Moxie! Award for Best Cinematographer at the Santa Monica Film Festival.

For the small screen, Pfister served as the director of photographer on such telefilms as "Sanctuary," "Sharing the Secret," "Breakfast with Einstein," "Rhapsody in Bloom" and "Sketch Artist."

NATHAN CROWLEY (Production Designer) has been honored for his collaborations with director Christopher Nolan. He earned an Academy Award nomination for his design work on the period drama "The Prestige," and previously received a BAFTA Award nomination for "Batman Begins." In addition, Crowley garnered Art Directors Guild Award nominations for both films. He first teamed with Nolan on the director's crime thriller "Insomnia," starring Al Pacino, Robin Williams and Hilary Swank.

Crowley's other film credits include the romantic drama "The Lake House"; the biopic "Veronica Guerin," directed by Joel Schumacher; the war drama "Behind Enemy Lines"; and Barry Levinson's Ireland-set comedy "An Everlasting Piece."

He previously served as an art director on such films as "Mission: Impossible II," directed by John Woo; Richard Donner's "Assassins"; Alan J. Pakula's "The Devil's Own"; and "Braveheart," directed by and starring Mel Gibson.

In addition to his film work, Crowley was the production designer on the BBC television series "The Ambassador."

LEE SMITH (Editor) reunited with director Christopher Nolan on "The Dark Knight," having previously edited "Batman Begins" and "The Prestige." Smith has also enjoyed a long association with director Peter Weir, earning an Academy Award nomination for his editing work on Weir's "Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World," for which he also received an Eddie Award nomination from the American Cinema Editors. Smith had earlier served as editor and sound designer on Weir's "The Truman Show," "Fearless" and "Green Card"; an additional editor on "Dead Poets Society"; and an associate editor and sound designer on "The Year of Living Dangerously," which began their collaboration.

Hailing from Australia, Smith won an Australian Film Institute (AFI) Award for Best Editing on Gregor Jordan's "Two Hands," on which he was also the sound designer. For his work as a sound designer, he also won an AFI Award and earned a BAFTA Award nomination for Jane Campion's "The Piano," and won an AFI Award for Phillip Noyce's "Dead Calm."

As an editor, Smith's additional film credits include "The Rage in Placid Lake," "Black and White," "Buffalo Soldiers," "Risk," "Joey," "Robocop 2," "Communion" and "Howling III." He was also the sound designer on Gillian Armstrong's "Little Women."

LINDY HEMMING (Costume Designer) won an Academy Award for her Gilbert & Sullivan-era costume designs for "Topsy-Turvy," directed by Mike Leigh. She has also been Leigh's costume designer of choice on the films "Naked," "Life is Sweet" and "High Hopes."

Hemming previously collaborated with director Christopher Nolan on "Batman Begins." She has also served as the costume designer on the recent James Bond films, beginning in 1995 with "GoldenEye," directed by Martin Campbell, and continuing with Roger Spottiswoode's "Tomorrow Never Dies," Michael Apted's "The World is Not Enough," Lee Tamahori's "Die Another Day" and Campbell's "Casino Royale." She is currently working with Campbell on the feature "Edge of Darkness," starring Mel Gibson.

Hemming's extensive film credits also include "Lara Croft: Tomb Raider" and its sequel, "Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life"; "Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets," directed by Chris Columbus; Sally Potter's "The Man Who Cried"; "The Trench," starring Daniel Craig; Mark Herman's "Little Voice" and "Blame It on the Bellboy"; "The Brave," directed by and starring Johnny Depp; Bob Rafelson's "Blood and Wine"; Peter Chelsom's "Funny Bones" and "Hear My Song"; Mike Newell's "Four Weddings and a Funeral," for which she was nominated for a BAFTA Award; Stephen Gyllenhaal's "Waterland"; Peter Medak's "The Krays"; John Amiel's "Queen of Hearts"; Stephen Frears' "My Beautiful Laundrette"; David Hare's "Wetherby"; Richard Eyre's "Laughterhouse"; and Bill Forsyth's "Comfort and Joy."

Hemming was nominated for a BAFTA TV Award for her work on the telefilm "Porterhouse Blue." Her television credits also include the longform projects "Running Late," "Dancing Queen" and "All Things Bright and Beautiful."

Prior to designing costumes for the screen, Hemming was a costume designer in the theatre. She worked with the Royal Shakespeare Company, the National Theatre of Great Britain, and on many productions in London's West End.

HANS ZIMMER (Composer) is one of the film industry's most influential composers, whose career spans three decades and encompasses well over 100 films.

In 1994, he won both an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award for his score to the animated blockbuster "The Lion King," which also spawned one of the most successful soundtrack albums ever. Zimmer's music for "The Lion King" continues to draw applause in the award-winning stage production of the musical, which earned the 1998 Tony Award for Best Musical, as well as a Grammy Award for Best Original Cast Album. The musical has now been running on Broadway for more than 10 years, with productions also being staged around the world.

Zimmer has garnered six additional Academy Award nominations for his scores for "Gladiator," "The Thin Red Line," "The Prince of Egypt," "As Good as It Gets," "The Preacher's Wife" and "Rain Man." In addition, he won a Golden Globe Award and earned a Grammy nomination for "Gladiator," and has also received Golden Globe nominations for his composing work on "The Da Vinci Code," "Spanglish," "The Last Samurai," "Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron," "Pearl Harbor" and "The Prince of Egypt."

Zimmer most recently created the score for the animated feature "Kung Fu Panda," and is currently working on Ron Howard's real-life drama "Frost/Nixon" and the animated "Madagascar: Escape 2 Africa." Zimmer's long list of film credits goes on to include "The Simpsons Movie," "The Holiday," "Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End," "Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest," "Batman Begins," "Madagascar," "Matchstick Men," "Shark Tale," "Black Hawk Down," "The Ring," "Hannibal," "Crimson Tide," "Thelma & Louise," "Driving Miss Daisy," "Mission: Impossible II," "A League of Their Own," "Black Rain," "Backdraft," "True Romance" and "My Beautiful Launderette."

In addition to his myriad composing credits, Zimmer has served as a music producer or consultant on numerous films, most recently including the blockbuster "Iron Man," on which he was the executive music producer.

JAMES NEWTON HOWARD (Composer) is a seven-time Academy Award nominee and one of the industry's most prolific composers, with more than 100 motion picture and television scores to his credit. His latest Oscar nomination came for his score for the critically acclaimed drama "Michael Clayton," starring George Clooney. Howard also earned Oscar nominations for Best Original Score for M. Night Shyamalan's "The Village," P.J. Hogan's "My Best Friend's Wedding," Andrew Davis' "The Fugitive" and Barbra Streisand's "The Prince of Tides." He gained two more Oscar nods, as well as two Golden Globe nominations, in the category of Best Original Song, for "Look What Love Has Done" from the movie "Junior" and "For the First Time" in "One Fine Day." Howard received his third Golden Globe nomination for his score for Peter Jackson's hit remake of "King Kong."

Howard has scored all of M. Night Shyamalan's films, beginning with the director's smash hit debut feature, "The Sixth Sense," and subsequently including "Unbreakable," "Signs," "Lady in the Water" and, most recently, "The Happening."

He is currently scoring several upcoming films, including Edward Zwick's "Defiance" and P.J. Hogan's "Confessions of a Shopaholic." Howard's wide range of film credits also includes Denzel Washington's "The Great Debaters"; Mike Nichols' "Charlie Wilson's War"; Edward Zwick's "Blood Diamond"; Christopher Nolan's "Batman Begins"; Sydney Pollack's "The Interpreter"; Michael Mann's "Collateral"; Joe Johnston's "Hidalgo"; P.J. Hogan's "Peter Pan"; Joe Roth's "America's Sweethearts"; Garry Marshall's "Runaway Bride" and "Pretty Woman"; Gregory Hoblit's "Primal Fear"; Wolfgang Petersen's "Outbreak"; Lawrence Kasdan's "Wyatt Earp" and "Grand Canyon"; Ivan Reitman's "Dave"; Joel Schumacher's "Falling Down"; and David S. Ward's "Major League," to name only a portion.

Also honored for his work in television, Howard won an Emmy Award for Outstanding Main Title Theme for the series "Gideon's Crossing" and earned an Emmy nomination in the same category for the long-running series "ER."

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