Entertainment Magazine: Film: Cartoons: Popeye

Remembering Popeye’s Bumblebee (Bela Zaboly)!

By Fred M. Grandinetti
with contributions by Joakim Gunnarsson and Luiz Abreu
Entertainment Magazine

On January 17, 2014 Popeye the Sailor turned 85 years old.  The sailor man with a passion for spinach and Olive Oyl made his debut in the Thimble Theatre comic strip created by E.C. Segar. 

For decades Segar’s work, including his successors Bud Sagendorf and Bobby London, have been reprinted for new generations to discover.  Although reprinted in comic book format during the 1940’s and 1950’s the work of one Popeye’s greatest cartoonists has been slighted: Bela “Bill” Zaboly.

I still remember my first exposure to Zaboly’s work on Thimble Theatre.  It was shortly after I discovered the book, Popeye the Sailor by E.C. Segar (Nostalgia Press, 1971).  This was my introduction to Segar and the original Popeye. Prior to this I was exposed to Bud Sagendorf’s daily and Sunday version.

Otto Honk, September 9 1934 by Bela Zaboly. Copyright NEA, Inc.

The first daily strip, illustrated by Bela Zaboly, appeared on December 4, 1939. Copyright King Features Syndicate.

My initial reaction to Segar’s art was thinking how closer in style it was with the characters appearing in the Popeye the Sailor animated films by Max Fleischer.  I discovered Zaboly’s work when a Sunday page was reprinted in the book Comics and Their Creators by Martin Sheridan (Hale, Cushman & Flint, 1942).  Zaboly’s renditions of the cast were illustrated closer to Segar than the latest strips by Sagendorf.

E.C. Segar passed away in late 1938 but the Thimble Theatre comic strip was too popular to discontinue.  By this time Popeye had become a licensing bonanza and his animated cartoon series was a major success at the box office. King Features Syndicate, who distributed Thimble Theatre, signed Tom Sims to write the stories and Doc Winner as temporary artist.

During the Sims/Winner era both the daily and Sunday strip went unsigned. Readers of the daily strip, published on December 4, 1939, saw a signature on the left hand side of the last panel.  The ‘B’ was dressed up to look like a bumblebee next to a capital Z.  With this strip Bela Zaboly became the new cartoonist for the daily Thimble Theatre comic strip.  It is believed Zaboly’s first Sunday page was published on January 7, 1940. 

According to Famous Artists and Writers of King Features Syndicate (1949) Bela Zaboly was born in 1910 in Cleveland.  He was the son of a Hungarian born cabinet maker and his wife. Bela began drawing when he was three years old. At Cleveland’s West High School he cartooned for the school’s newspaper and drew strips for The Detroit Times junior page and the lush, colored junior section of The Los Angeles Times.

Upon graduation Bela began working at a newspaper syndicate in Cleveland as a, “office boy.”  While gaining experience at the syndicate he plunged into painting and etching.  Zaboly’s etchings were exhibited at The World’s Fair in Chicago and some of his paintings hung in the Cleveland Museum. “The only thing that dulled my interest”, Zaboly said, “was the fees paid for portraits in oil.  I worked two solid months on a painting of a child once, and got $50.00 for the deal.  Somehow, high-minded as I was about art, it was was hard to work up enthusiasm, with pay rates like that.”

He met his wife, the former Irene Chandas, also of Hungarian descent, at a church benefit to which he contributed a painting.  They had three children together, Alwyn, Irene and Marianne.

In 1932 he was offered the job as assistant to Roy Crane who was drawing the strip, Wash Tubbs.  Zaboly recalled Roy as “one of the great comic artists.” During these same years he started a feature of his own for the NEA syndicate. 

It was called Otto Honk and featured a blond, moon-faced young man who was not especially bright. This Sunday strip followed Otto through a series of moderately funny adventures in such roles as a college football player, private detective and movie stuntman. Zaboly retired the strip in March of 1936.  He was also one of several cartoonists to draw Our Boarding House created by Gene Ahern.  In 1939 King Features Syndicate selected Zaboly to draw both the daily and Sunday Thimble Theatre. By 1943 the strip was syndicated to 500 daily and 200 Sunday papers. 

Featured in these two 1948 daily strips, illustrated by Bela Zaboly, are Geezil, The Sea Hag, Eugene the Jeep, Toar, Oscar, Davy Jones, Alice the Goon, Demon and Lummox. Copyright King Features Syndicate.

Zaboly was able to mimic E.C. Segar’s style while Tom Sims added new characters to the strip including “Aunt Jones”, “Davy Jones”, “Lummox”, “Thee Mann” and Popeye’s long lost “Momma”. The last daily strip written by Tom Sims was published on December 4, 1954 though he continued with the Sunday page.  Ralph Stein took on the writing chores beginning with the daily published on December 6, 1954.

Ralph Stein's first story had Popeye encounter the first of many beautiful women. From December 6, 1954.
Copyright King Features Syndicate.

By this time Bela was now signing his work, “Bill Zaboly.” Stein’s scripts used very little of Segar’s cast on a regular basis.  Instead Popeye teamed up with tubby British explorer Sir Pomeroy Vauxhall. Segar only used Bluto in a 1932 adventure but Stein revived the bearded brute for several encounters with Popeye. Ralph Stein was also a cartoonist and his style influenced Zaboly during this period. Of note were the various women Popeye and Sir Pomeroy encountered.  Many were quite attractive and this was reflected when Zaboly drew a beautiful woman in the Sunday strip written by Tom Sims.

In the daily published on June 7, 1957 Popeye traveled back home to see Swee’pea.  Instead of seeing the lad wearing his traditional nightgown, with his legs concealed, another version awaited Popeye. Swee’pea wore a cap and child’s sailor’s uniform with legs and feet revealed! Purists of the strip have faulted Zaboly for changing Swee’pea’s look but, in truth, he had nothing to do with it.


The grown up version of Swee'pea meets Popeye from the June 7, 1957
daily strip written by Ralph Stein and illustrated by Bill Zaboly. Copyright King Features Syndicate.

Philip W. Porter, the Sunday editor of the Plain Dealer, was looking over advanced comic strip proofs.  The thought struck him Swee’pea had been crawling around for much too long.  He wrote a letter to King Features executive, Frank Nicht, asking why he did not get Swee’pea “off the ground and out of that sack.” Consequently Stein wrote a daily strip where Popeye is introduced to the ‘new’ Swee’pea and Tom Sims did something similar in the Sunday. During Stein’s tenure Popeye, artistically, lost two out of three shirt buttons and Poopdeck Pappy, the sailor’s uncouth father, shrunk down in height.

Bud Sagendorf, who was Segar’s assistant and illustrating the Popeye comic book series, had a style different from Zaboly.  While Zaboly mimicked Segar’s style Sagendorf’s artwork resembled the work of his mentor. During his final days, drawing both the daily and Sunday, Zaboly began drawing in Sagendorf’s style.  This decision may have been made to streamline Popeye’s appearance in all print media.

However, at this time King Features Syndicate was preparing readers for Zaboly’s exit and Sagendorf’s entrance.  Zaboly’s last daily appeared on August 8, 1959 while his last Sunday collaboration with Tom Sims was published on September 6, 1959.  Nothing official has ever been published on Zaboly’s dismissal but I would suspect it was financial.  With Bud Sagendorf producing both the daily and Sunday strip King Features Syndicate would rather pay one man than three.

The last Popeye daily strip drawn by Bela (now known as Bill) Zaboly. Published on August 8, 1959.
Copyright King Features Syndicate.

Zaboly’s Popeye art would continue to appear on various products well into the 1960’s. His Sunday pages were reprinted in King Comics, Dagwood Comics, Family Funnies and Children’s Playmate.

On February 2, 1963 Editor and Publisher announced a new daily panel for newspapers called Us Boys. It would be drawn by “Bill Zaboly” and syndicated by Select Features Syndicate.  The announcement stated it would be an “all-male” panel including appearances from the “male” animal kingdom. Additionally, Zaboly worked as a salesman for The Alan Junkins Studio and did freelance work.  He passed away on April 11, 1985.

Popeye fan, Joakim Gunnarsson, said of Zaboly’s work on the strip, “It is very competent and sadly, almost all forgotten and overshadowed by Segar and Sagendorf. A lost gem in Popeye history.”

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Popeye DVD's

Popeye (1980)
Robin Williams

This musical fantasy features the famous comic strip character who comes to life and tries to find his real father. Studio: Paramount Home Video Release Date: 08/22/2006 Starring: Robin Williams Shelley Duvall Run time: 113 minutes Rating: Pg Director: Robert Altman. Nothing interests filmmaker Robert Altman more than a contained culture that mixes bare humanity with local eccentricity (think of his M*A*S*H and Nashville). So Altman's Popeye (1980), based on the old comic strip, works best as a portrait of a busy, cluttered, cartoonish town called Sweethaven. But it is much less successful as a comprehensible story about the famous sailor with massive forearms and a relationship with Olive Oyl (Shelley Duvall). Robin Williams plays Popeye with his usual brilliance for mimicry, Paul Dooley makes a credible Wimpy, and Paul L. Smith makes an impression as the oversized bully, Bluto. But this strange, disastrous film never becomes more than an expensive workshop airing out Altmanesque themes. --Tom Keogh.

Actors: Robin Williams, Shelley Duvall, Ray Walston, Paul Dooley, Paul L. Smith
Directors: Robert Altman
Writers: E.C. Segar, Jules Feiffer
Producers: C.O. Erickson, Robert Evans, Scott Bushnell
Number of discs: 1
Studio: Paramount
DVD Release Date: June 24, 2003
Run Time: 114 minutes

Popeye the Sailor: 1933-1938, Vol. 1 DVD
Popeye the Sailor, 1938-1940, Vol. 2 DVD
Popeye the Sailor: 1941-1943, Vol. 3 DVD
Giant 600 Cartoon Pack DVD

Popeye Books

Popeye: An Illustrated Cultural History

by Fred M. Grandinetti (Author)

It’s a rare comic character who can make audiences laugh for well over half a century—but then again, it’s a pretty rare cartoon hero who can boast of forearms thicker than his waist, who can down a can of spinach in a single gulp, or who generally faces the world with one eye squinted completely shut.

When E.C. Segar’s gruff but lovable sailor man first tooted his pipe to the public on January 7, 1929, it was not in the animated cartoon format for which he is best known today (and which would become the longest running series in film history). Instead it was on the comics page of the New York Journal, as Segar’s Thimble Theatre strip. Over the decades to come, Popeye was to appear on radio, television, stage, and even in a live-action feature film.

This comprehensive and lavishly illustrated history is a thoroughly updated and revised edition of the highly acclaimed 1994 work. Animated series and films are examined, noting the different directions each studio took and the changing character designs of the Popeye family. Popeye in other media—comics, books, radio, and a stage play—is thoroughly covered, as are Robert Altman’s 1980 live-action film, and Popeye memorabilia.

Paperback: 337 pages
Publisher: McFarland & Company; 2 Sub edition (July 2004)

Popeye Books by by E.C. Segar

Elzie Chrisler Segar, Popeye's creator, was born in 1894 and died in 1938. His work was showcased in the landmark "Masters of American Comics" exhibition at the Hammer and MOCA museums in Los Angeles in 2006.

Popeye Vol. 1: "I Yam What I Yam"
Popeye Vol. 2: "Well Blow Me Down!"
Popeye Vol. 3: "Let's You and Him Fight!"