Mysteries in the Santa Catalinas Table of Contents

Book by Robert E. Zucker

Maps of the Santa Catalina Mountains....... 5

Prologue....... 7

Sections of the Book................. 7

The Legendary Sites of the Santa Catalina Mountains....... 7

Sky Island holds a story of treasure... 7

The legends hidden in the Santa Catalinas–   lost mines, lost mission and the lost cities................. 7

Naming the Santa Catalina Mountains................. 7

Catalina or Catarina?................. 7

Early residents of the Catalinas... 7

Tucson is one of the oldest, continually inhabited areas in North America. ................. 7

Petroglyphs near the Biosphere... 7

Monolith near Oracle Ridge................. 7

The Cañada del Oro – The Canyon of Gold... 7

Rancho Solaño at the mouth of the CDO................. 7

The Romero Ruins at Catalina State Park... 7

Romero Ranch built on Pueblo Viejo................. 7

Town of Oracle - Old Hat District Mining... 7

East towards the San Pedro River... 7

Interior of the Santa Catalina Mountains... 7

La Ventaña- the Window... 7

A hole or a notch?................. 7

Mining near La Ventaña................. 7

From La Ventaña, you can see the lost mine................. 7

The ‘Stone Church’ near La Ventaña................. 7

The Lost City near Mt. Lemmon... 7

Past American mining activities within the Cañada del Oro................. 7

1812 Mexican coin found................. 7

Ruins in the Santa Catalina Mountains... 7

Pueblo Viejo - Old Village... 7

1870-1880s: Pueblo Viejo................. 7

1867-81: Ruins north of Tucson................. 7

1880: The Nine Mile City and Lost City Discovered................. 7

1881: Many ruined buildings found in the Catalina’s................. 7

1883: The Story of the “Stone Church”................. 7

1882: Pueblo Viejo at the Cañada del Oro................. 7

1889-1891: Ruins in the Santa Catalina’s................. 7

1896: The Ruins of Santa Catalina................. 7

The Legends of the Santa Catalina Mountains....... 7

Perpetuating the Legends... 7

Early Spanish Search for Gold... 7

1540: Coronado’s ‘Gold at the Cañon’................. 7

Fray Marcos de Niza’s “discovery” of gold................. 7

1686: Kino’s mission to convert natives................. 7

1690s: Spanish mining in the Santa Catalina Mountains................. 7

1698: Kino and Carrasco’s Expedition for Quicksilver................. 7

The Kino-Escalante Connection................. 7

The Quicksilver Messenger................. 7

1702: Kino writes about rich mines near San Xavier................. 7

1751-1769: Difficult times for Jesuits;  revolts, expulsion................. 7

1751: Revolt Against the Missions................. 7

1769: San Juan Day June Massacre................. 7

1768: Franciscans take over southwest missions................. 7

The Lost Mission of Santa Catalina... 7

Locating the Santa Catalina Mission................. 7

1697-1711: Kino’s Santa Catalina................. 7

1700: Kino’s “Blue Shells”................. 7

1711-1752: Rotating padres; Indian Uprising; Escalante................. 7

Indian Revolt, Minerals Discovered................. 7

1752: The Two Pueblos................. 7

1757: Middendorf’s Mission in Tucson................. 7

1767-1862: Aquituni and the Anza Expedition................. 7

1862: The Civil War Battle at Picacho................. 7

Was the Santa Catalina Mission in the Santa Catalinas?................. 7

Donald Page’s “Mission of Ciru”................. 7

History time shifts into legend: What is fact from the legends?... 7

Gold Discoveries in the Santa Catalinas... 7

The Rush for Arizona Gold................. 7

American’s mining gold from the Canyon of Gold................. 7

Lost Mines of the Santa Catalina Mountains....... 7

Mine with the Iron Door Legends... 7

Lost Escalante Mine... 7

Mucho Escalantes: Who owned the Lost Mine?................. 7

1700: Capt. Juan Bautista de Escalante, The Military Man................. 7

1752: Francisco Xavier de Escalante................. 7

1776: Fray Escalante, The Franciscan................. 7

1829: Manuel Escalante and the missions................. 7

1857: Mowry’s account of the missions, villages and mines................. 7

How Mowry’s Spanish mining story unfolds................. 7

The map of Spanish settlements and mines................. 7

Mowry’s Map of Sonora, Arizona.................. 7

How the legend circulated................. 7

1859: Great Wealth in the Territory................. 7

1880s: The Monster Church and Mine in the Catalinas................. 7

1880: Nine Mile City and the Mine With the Iron Door................. 7

1880: In Search of the Nine Mile City................. 7

1891: Report of Iron Door Mine................. 7

1891: A new discovery in the Catalina Mountains................. 7

1894: Bullock discovers a lost mine................. 7

1883-93: Lost Spanish mines south of Tucson................. 7

1895: The Barn Door Mine and tunnel found................. 7

1923: Howard Bell Wright’s book “Mine with the Iron Door”................. 7

1932: McKee stakes out “Iron Door Mine”................. 7

1936: “Mine with the Iron Door” movies................. 7

1937: McKee Seeks Iron Door Mine Again................. 7

McKee’s story of the Spanish Iron Door Mine................. 7

The Arizona Gold Rush........... 7

The Cañada del Oro Gold Rush... 7

1843: First ‘recorded’ discovery of gold in Cañon del Oro................. 7

The real Narbona................. 7

1846-1848: Roadblocks to gold recovery................. 7

1852-1857: Gold in the Canyon of Gold................. 7

Gold found near the Catalinas................. 7

Mowry’s report of a land of silver and gold mines................. 7

1858: The Tucson Gold Rush begins................. 7

Tucson gold fever erupts– the legend festers................. 7

1859-1870: Civilizing the ‘Cañon del Oro’................. 7

1861: The Ambush of Page and Scott................. 7

1862-1870: Treaty broken; Cavalry protects CDO travelers................. 7

The great gold exploration is on!................. 7

1867: Army Sets Up Camp in the CDO................. 7

1867: Goldberg’s “Lost Ledge”................. 7

Apaches attack travelers; another Goldberg loss................. 7

1870: The Kennedy-Israel Massacre at CDO................. 7

The fate of the victims................. 7

Pursuing the aggressors; cut off at the pass................. 7

More Indian depredations in the CDO................. 7

1872-1879: Dangerous Mining in the CDO................. 7

More Indian depredations in the Canyon of Gold................. 7

1874: Apaches keep people out of the CDO................. 7

1874: First mining company starts on the Cañon del Oro................. 7

Other Mining Ventures Around the Santa Catalinas................. 7

1880: Bonanza Claim; Good News from Gold Canyon................. 7

1882: Goldberg returns; claims expand in CDO................. 7

1882: Quartz bearing gold found; railroad, stage road................. 7

1880s-1896: Samaniego stakes a claim in Cañada del Oro................. 7

The Linda Vista Ranch................. 7

Mysterious Construction................. 7

1887: Tucson earthquake rocks new discovery of gold................. 7

1887: Drachman’s “Chunks of Gold”................. 7

1892: Gold diggers in the Cañada del Oro................. 7

1896: Gold Quartz Re-discovery................. 7

1897: Gold Hill in the Cañon del Oro................. 7

1899: Ledge of gold in the Cañon Del Oro................. 7

1900: Rich Gold Strikes in the CDO................. 7

1929: Men Work ‘Ancient Mine’................. 7

1932-1933: Gold placering continues along the CDO; Federal law outlaws gold hording................. 7

1982: 230 oz. gold from CDO, near Spanish placer sites................. 7

Mining Oracle... 7

Christmas in the desert and the founding of the town of Oracle................. 7

The Old Hat Mining District................. 7

1878: Catalina Gold rush starts in the Old Hat................. 7

1880: Prospectors flood Old Hat................. 7

1881: Old Hat Expands, New Claims................. 7

1882-1884: More Ore from the Old Hat................. 7

1880-1940s: Marble Peak– the Ledge of copper................. 7

The San Catarina Copper Company................. 7

1882: Railroad and stage coach to move the mountains................. 7

1886: Chance finding of gold bearing quartz................. 7

William “Curley” Neal moves to Oracle................. 7

The Old Hat name................. 7

1900: Mining becomes a major business in Arizona................. 7

1901: Rodent Leads to a Gold Discovery................. 7

1904: Rail line abandoned................. 7

1911: Old Hat gains new owners– the Copper Queen................. 7

1912: Arizona statehood and mining the Catalinas................. 7

1913: Leatherwood and the Copper Queen Old Hat Claims................. 7

1915: The Castro’s discoveries in the Catalinas................. 7

Gold at Campo Bonito... 7

“Buffalo Bill” Cody’s Mining Ventures in the Catalinas... 7

1902: Buffalo Bill Stakes His Claim at Campo Bonito................. 7

1908-09: Buffalo Bill is impressed with new prospects................. 7

1910: Cody expands his mining claims................. 7

1911: Cody’s mines supply Tungsten for Edison................. 7

1912: Ewing shakes up Campo Bonito................. 7

Ewing takes control of Campo Bonito................. 7

The Southern Belle Mine... 7

1886-1888: Gold extracted from Southern Belle Mine................. 7

1905: Southern Belle expands, roadbed constructed, railroad planned................. 7

1906: Considerable gold at the Southern Belle................. 7

1908-1910: Southern Belle closed, then resumes................. 7

1911: Cody acquires the Southern Belle gold mine................. 7

1931-2010: Southern Belle passes to new owners................. 7

Southern Belle Gold Mine Time Line................. 7

The Historic High Jinks Ranch... 7

1933: High Jinks Ranch built in Campo Bonito................. 7

Catalina Camp - One Park Place... 7

1900: Catalina Camp................. 7

1902: End of a mining era at Catalina Camp................. 7

1919: Stratton claims sold to Wilson................. 7

1940s: Hartman’s Homestake Mines expands claim................. 7

Minerals from the Santa Catalinas... 7

The process of acquiring gold................. 7

1850-1890: Tiffany’s gold-quartz jewelry popularized................. 7

The Last Prospector: William “Flint” Carter................. 7

Cody Stone: Jewelry Grade Gold & Silver in Quartz................. 7

Prospecting the Santa Catalina Mountains Today... 7

2012: The new Oracle Ridge Mine................. 7

2014 Return Expedition into the Santa Catalinas....... 7

Resources and References....... 7

Newspaper Clippings................. 7

Books................. 7

Web Sites and Resources................. 7

Videos................. 7

Author: Robert Zucker... 7

Bibliography....... 7

Index....... 7

Return to Mysteries in the Catalinas Home Page


Published by BZB Publishing, Inc.
P.O. Box 91317
Tucson, Arizona 85752

Printed by CreateSpace, an Amazon.com Company.
Available from Amazon.com, CreateSpace.com and other retail outlets.
Printed in the United States of America.



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