Entertainment Magazine: Tucson: Santa Catalina Mountains

The Lost Santa Catalina Mission

1699-1752 (closed) “Santa Catarina del Cuytoabagum Visita” (Pima), (Rio Santa Cruz) (Source: Guide to Catholic-related Records outside the U.S. about Native Americans, Marquette University, San Xavier del Bac Mission History; Durango Archdiocese and Archdiocese of Mexico: before 1767 closed). Note: Date differences depend on end Pima Indian uprising (1751) or when Jesuits expelled (1767).

Location first placed about 25 miles north of Tucson, along the Santa Cruz and northwest of Picacho Peak Later, seems Sta. Catalina had been “pulled back to a location in the Cañada del Oro 8 or 10 miles north of Black Mountain and close to the Santa Catalina Foothills, gaining its Saint’s name.” Moved again by Middendorf’s time. (“Tucson,” Sonnichsen, 11)

1687, Father Eusebio Kino came to Pimeria Alta (now present day Southern Arizona and Sonoran, Mexico) in support of a royal cédula, issued by the King of Spain. Kino used this edict to promise the natives that they would not be forced to work in the mines - if they converted to Christianity. The “missionary (is) named for the reduction and conversion to our Holy Faith of the Seris, Huaymas, and Pimas in the province of Sonora, Kingdom of Nueva Vizcaya, regarding taking Indians under seal to work in mines, undated, but passed on by the Audiencia December 16, 1686; and petition of Father Azcarasso, undated, but considered May 2, 1687.” (From Kino’s “Memoir of Pimeria Alta,” 107).





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