The Wisdom of Hermes "Thrice Great"
Hermes Trismegistus or "Thrice Great Hermes" was the symbol of the Neo-Platonic philosophy of Hermetics.
Hermes was also called Ter Maximus, having perfect knowledge of all things in the world.
Hermes may have been adopted from the Egyptian equivalent of Thoth (Tehuti), the god of wisdom and magic.
Hermes Trismegistus is credited with having written 20,000 books by the authority of Selecucus, according to Iamblicus.
How did Hermetics originate?
Hermetic writings date from the Roman period in Egypt. But, they are not Egyptian. The Greeks adopted the Egyptian ideas of Thoth, included some Judaic sources, to create their interpretation.
Between the second through fourth centuries, growing Christian philosophies influenced later Hermetic texts.
The theological writing of Hermes Trismegistus is collected in 17 treatises of the Corpus Hermeticum, dated during the first three centuries AD. Fragments of Hermetic writings were found in a Latin translation of the Asclepius, preserved among the works of Apuleus. Although the philosophy was basically Egyptian and Judaic, the language was in Greek.
From the Renaissance period until the end of the 19th century little attention was given to popular Hermetics.
Hermetic magic re-emerged in Western Europe when the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn was founded in 1888. In the late 20th century, authors like Franz Bardon popularized Hermetics with his series that included the practical magic handbook "Initiation into Hermetics."
Who is Hermes?
Hermes is the Greek messenger of the gods. He is the god of science, the arts and life. Hermes Trismegistus, the author of Hermetic literature, was also called the Deion of Phocis in Greek and Roman myths. The Romans called him Mercury.
As least as early as Herodotus, the Greek identified the Egyptian god Thoth with the Greek Hermes. By the third century BC, this connection was inscribed on the Rosetta Stone (196 BCE). "Hermes "the great, the great" was written. At the time, the epitaph of Hermes Trismegistus was rarely found outside of Hermetic texts.
Later, there were frequent mentions of Hermes Trismegistus in medieval and Renaissance literature.
Hermes is also the god of herds, being a fertility god. He is the guardian of travellers (as psychopompos) as well as the conductor of the dead to the underworld.
Hermes means hastener, interpreter or mediator. He is the symbolic messenger. In his role as a fertility god, Hermes was displayed as a phallic herm to increase the animal kingdom.
Hermes also presides as a deity of wealth, patron of athletes, god of trade, commerce, manual skill, oratory and eloquence of the wind (with whose speed he was able to move).
He was also the god of thieves and trickery. In the Roman period, Hermes was worshipped as the revealer of Divine Wisdom.
Hermetica Book Recommendations
These are among some of the Hermetic books in my library, now available through Amazon.com. When you click on any link or image, follow through for more books in related topics.