These pages on Tucson history are from the book "Old Tucson; a hop, skip and jump" by Estelle M. Buehman available on Amazon.
History from 1539 Indian settlement to new and greater Tucson
The classic novel, "Old Tucson; a hop, skip and jump history from 1539 Indian settlement to new and greater Tucson" was written by Estelle M. Buehman at the turn of the 20th Century. The book describes her journey to "modern-day Tucson." She covers the history of Tucson known at the time and its early settlers. The book was published in 1911 by State Consolidated Publishing Co. in Tucson, Arizona. It is now in the public domain.
Read about the history of Tucson as it was being made in the 1880's. Discover how the early settlers dealt with the environment and native inhabitants. Photos from the book are reprinted.
Purchase "Old Tucson; a hop, skip and jump history from 1539 Indian settlement to new and greater Tucson" by Estelle M. Buehman. 82 pages. Publisher: Nabu Press (May 16, 2010) on Amazon.
Local Tucson Books
Tucson is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the United States
Photo: Military Plaza in early Tucson, Arizona. Photyos by Estelle Buehman.
Historical dates leading up to Tucson's establishment
700 A.D. Hohokams
Excavations in the Downtown area have unearth a Hohokam Indian pithouse dated at 700 A.D. They settled throughout the Arizona area eas early as 300 B.C. The Hohokam dug a 150 mile canal system along the Gila and Salt Rivers. The canals were used in th 1870's by the white settlers. The Hohokam abandoned their villages in the 15th Century for an unknown reason.
1500s Spanish Explorers
In 1540, Captain-General Francisco Coronado was dispatched to find "the seven cities of Cibola." Coronado marched through the area, about 25 miles from the Tanque Verde Guest Ranch.
1694 Father Kino
Father Eusebio Francisco Kino, a Jesuit priest, visited the Indian villages in 1694. He introduced livestock, fruits and grains from Europe. He established several misions throughout the southwest. Colonists build settlements around each mission.
The repressive Spaniard priests and soldiers forced the Apache Indians living in the area to rebel. They killed all the Spaniards and plundered the outposts. The first Spanish post was established in 1752 in Tubac.
Read more about Tucson's long history.
© 2010-2019. EMOL.org. All rights reserved.