Entertainment Magazine: Tucson: History

These pages on Tucson history are from the book "Old Tucson; a hop, skip and jump"Tucson by Estelle M. Buehman available on Amazon.

Tucson 1880"Old Tucson; a hop, skip and jump"

History from 1539 Indian settlement to new and greater Tucson

The classic novel, "Old Tucson; a hop, skip and jump history from 1539 Indian settlement to new and greater Tucson" was written by Estelle M. Buehman at the turn of the 20th Century. The book describes her journey to "modern-day Tucson." She covers the history of Tucson known at the time and its early settlers. The book was published in 1911 by State Consolidated Publishing Co. in Tucson, Arizona. It is now in the public domain.

Read about the history of Tucson as it was being made in the 1880's. Discover how the early settlers dealt with the environment and native inhabitants. Photos from the book are reprinted.

Purchase "Old Tucson; a hop, skip and jump history from 1539 Indian settlement to new and greater Tucson"Tucson by Estelle M. Buehman. 82 pages. Publisher: Nabu Press (May 16, 2010) on Amazon.

Chapter 1

Tucson is a Pima word, and they pronounced it "Chook Son," and its meaning is said to be "Black Creek." Tucson, a pearl set in a land of blazing sands, of fertile valleys, and lode- rich mountain treasures, surpassing the wealth of Croesus.

Chapter 2

The Apaches. The insurection of the Pimas. The decline of the missions. Erection of the presidios. Expulsion of the Jesuits. Arrival of the Franciscans. Abandonment of the Missions Presidio times.

Chapter 3

Treaties, concessions, American occupation, early landmarks. In 1855 American troops had taken possession of Tucson and Tubac. The Mexican colors had been lowered, and the stars and stripes unfurled to the Arizona breeze.

Chapter 4

Efforts at Territorial Organizatipon, secession, Civil War, Indian and the first mail facilities in Tucson. Also within the territory— at Tucson, as early as 1856.

Chapter 5

In 1868 however Tucson came into her own, the capital being moved here, where it remained for nine years, then was transferred again to Prescott, and later still, as being more central, to Phoenix.

Chapter 6

In 1871 the citizens of Tucson organized a village government, with Major S. R. De Long as mayor; councilmen,Samuel Hughes, W. W. Williams and W. S. Oury; treasurer, Hon. Hiram Stevens; recorder and assessor, W. J. Osborn.

Local Tucson Books

Treasures of the Santa Catalinas"Treasures of the Santa Catalina Mountains," by Robert Zucker. The legends and history of the Catalinas– the Tucson Gold Rush, the Iron Door Mine, Buffalo Bill's mining camp, and the story of mining the mountains for gold, silver and copper. Read chapters online, download a free sample PDF of the book and purchase on Amazon. 
Entertain Tucson"Entertaining Tucson Across the Decades," by Robert Zucker. Covers the local music and entertainment scene from the 1950s through the end of the 20th Century. Interviews with local musicians, original photographs and stories published in local newspapers. Read chapters online, download a free sample PDF of the book and purchase on Amazon.

Tucson is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the United States

Photo: Military Plaza in early Tucson, Arizona. Photyos by Estelle Buehman.

Historical dates leading up to Tucson's establishment

700 A.D. Hohokams

Excavations in the Downtown area have unearth a Hohokam Indian pithouse dated at 700 A.D. They settled throughout the Arizona area eas early as 300 B.C. The Hohokam dug a 150 mile canal system along the Gila and Salt Rivers. The canals were used in th 1870's by the white settlers. The Hohokam abandoned their villages in the 15th Century for an unknown reason.

1500s Spanish Explorers

In 1540, Captain-General Francisco Coronado was dispatched to find "the seven cities of Cibola." Coronado marched through the area, about 25 miles from the Tanque Verde Guest Ranch.

1694 Father Kino

Father Eusebio Francisco Kino, a Jesuit priest, visited the Indian villages in 1694. He introduced livestock, fruits and grains from Europe. He established several misions throughout the southwest. Colonists build settlements around each mission.

1751 Rebellion

The repressive Spaniard priests and soldiers forced the Apache Indians living in the area to rebel. They killed all the Spaniards and plundered the outposts. The first Spanish post was established in 1752 in Tubac.

Read more about Tucson's long history.


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